Modern Mauritius had its naissance in 1721 when a group of French colonists from Reunion established the first French settlement on the island. Its strategic position made it the focus of successive waves of colonising powers all of whom left their material markers. Despite this, there has been limited examination based on systematic methods-driven archaeology addressing the islands role as a colonial enclave. It was an important trading post between the Spice Islands and Europe and became a long-term colony with European, African and Indo-Chinese influence. As a volcanic island lacking any indigenous population it also presents an exceptional opportunity to establish baseline data detailing specific environmental conditions within the Indian Ocean. Read More
The main aim of this project is to understand how European colonial activity influenced environmental and cultural transformations in this region of the Indian Ocean. Specific locations, incorporating slave, indentured and Imperial sites, as well as those with high eco-archaeological potential, have provided key case studies to address this and allied aims. Read More
Our work, funded principally by the British Academy, British Council and McDonald Institute, is being conducted in collaboration with, and supported by, local partners including the National Heritage Fund, University of Mauritius, Truth & Justice Commission and both of the island’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Aapravasi Ghat and Le Morne Cultural Landscape.